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Device Service REST API




This ADR details the REST API to be provided by Device Service implementations in EdgeX version 2.x. As such, it supercedes the equivalent sections of the earlier "Device Service Functional Requirements" document. These requirements should be implemented as far as possible within the Device Service SDKs, but they also apply to any Device Service implementation.


Common endpoints

The DS should provide the REST endpoints that are expected of all EdgeX microservices, specifically:

  • config
  • metrics
  • ping
  • version


Endpoint Methods
callback/device PUT and POST
callback/device/name/{name} DELETE
callback/profile PUT
callback/watcher PUT and POST
callback/watcher/name/{name} DELETE
parameter meaning
{name} the name of the device or watcher

These endpoints are used by the Core Metadata service to inform the device service of metadata updates. Endpoints are defined for each of the objects of interest to a device service, ie Devices, Device Profiles and Provision Watchers. On receipt of calls to these endpoints the device service should update its internal state accordingly. Note that the device service does not need to be informed of the creation or deletion of device profiles, as these operations may only occur where no devices are associated with the profile. To avoid stale profile entries the device service should delete a profile from its cache when the last device using it is deleted.

Object deletion

When an object is deleted, the Metadata service makes a DELETE request to the relevant callback/{type}/name/{name} endpoint.

Object creation and updates

When an object is created or updated, the Metadata service makes a POST or PUT request respectively to the relevant callback/{type} endpoint. The payload of the request is the new or updated object, ie one of the Device, DeviceProfile or ProvisionWatcher DTOs.


Endpoint Methods
device/name/{name}/{command} GET and PUT
parameter meaning
{name} the name of the device
{command} the command name

The command specified must match a deviceCommand or deviceResource name in the device's profile

body (for PUT): An application/json SettingRequest, which is a set of key/value pairs where the keys are valid deviceResource names, and the values provide the command argument for that resource. Example: {"AHU-TargetTemperature": "28.5", "AHU-TargetBand": "4.0"}

Return code Meaning
200 the command was successful
404 the specified device does not exist, or the command/resource is unknown
405 attempted write to a read-only resource
423 the specified device is locked (admin state) or disabled (operating state)
500 the device driver is unable to process the request

response body: A successful GET operation will return a JSON-encoded EventResponse object, which contains one or more Readings. Example: {"apiVersion":"v2","deviceName":"Gyro","origin":1592405201763915855,"readings":[{"deviceName":"Gyro","name":"Xrotation","value":"124","origin":1592405201763915855,"valueType":"int32"},{"deviceName":"Gyro","name":"Yrotation","value":"-54","origin":1592405201763915855,"valueType":"int32"},{"deviceName":"Gyro","name":"Zrotation","value":"122","origin":1592405201763915855,"valueType":"int32"}]}

This endpoint is used for obtaining readings from a device, and for writing settings to a device.

Data formats

The values obtained when readings are taken, or used to make settings, are expressed as strings.

Type EdgeX types Representation
Boolean Bool "true" or "false"
Integer Uint8-Uint64, Int8-Int64 Numeric string, eg "-132"
Float Float32, Float64 Decimal with exponent, eg "1.234e-5"
String String string
Binary Bytes octet array
Array BoolArray, Uint8Array-Uint64Array, Int8Array-Int64Array, Float32Array, Float64Array JSON Array, eg "["1", "34", "-5"]"

Notes: - The presence of a Binary reading will cause the entire Event to be encoded using CBOR rather than JSON - Arrays of String and Binary data are not supported

Readings and Events

A Reading represents a value obtained from a deviceResource. It contains the following fields

Field name Description
deviceName The name of the device
profileName The name of the Profile describing the Device
resourceName The name of the deviceResource
origin A timestamp indicating when the reading was taken
value The reading value
valueType The type of the data

Or for binary Readings, the following fields

Field name Description
deviceName The name of the device
profileName The name of the Profile describing the Device
resourceName The name of the deviceResource
origin A timestamp indicating when the reading was taken
binaryValue The reading value
mediaType The MIME type of the data

An Event represents the result of a GET command. If the command names a deviceResource, the Event will contain a single Reading. If the command names a deviceCommand, the Event will contain as many Readings as there are deviceResources listed in the deviceCommand.

The fields of an Event are as follows:

Field name Description
deviceName The name of the Device from which the Readings are taken
profileName The name of the Profile describing the Device
origin The time at which the Event was created
readings An array of Readings

Query Parameters

Calls to the device endpoints may include a Query String in the URL. This may be used to pass parameters relating to the request to the device service. Individual device services may define their own parameters to control specific behaviors. Parameters beginning with the prefix ds- are reserved to the Device SDKs and the following parameters are defined for GET requests:

Parameter Valid Values Default Meaning
ds-pushevent "true" or "false" "false" If set to true, a successful GET will result in an event being pushed to the EdgeX system
ds-returnevent "true" or "false" "true" If set to false, there will be no Event returned in the http response

EdgeX 3.0

The valid values of ds-pushevent and ds-returnevent is changed to true/false instead of yes/no in EdgeX 3.0.

Device States

A Device in EdgeX has two states associated with it: the Administrative state and the Operational state. The Administrative state may be set to LOCKED (normally UNLOCKED) to block access to the device for administrative reasons. The Operational state may be set to DOWN (normally UP) to indicate that the device is not currently working. In either case access to the device via this endpoint will be denied and HTTP 423 ("Locked") will be returned.

Data Transformations

A number of simple data transformations may be defined in the deviceResource. The table below shows these transformations in the order in which they are applied to outgoing data, ie Readings. The transformations are inverted and applied in reverse order for incoming data.

Transform Applicable reading types Effect
mask Integers The reading is masked (bitwise-and operation) with the specified value.
shift Integers The reading is bit-shifted by the specified value. Positive values indicate right-shift, negative for left.
base Integers and Floats The reading is replaced by the specified value raised to the power of the reading.
scale Integers and Floats The reading is multiplied by the specified value.
offset Integers and Floats The reading is increased by the specified value.

The operation of the mask transform on incoming data (a setting) is that the value to be set on the resource is the existing value bitwise-anded with the complement of the mask, bitwise-ored with the value specified in the request.

ie, new-value = (current-value & !mask) | request-value

The combination of mask and shift can therefore be used to access data contained in a subdivision of an octet.

It is possible that following the application of the specified transformations, a value may exceed the range that may be represented by its type. Should this occur on a set operation, a suitable error should be logged and returned, along with the Bad Request http code 400. If it occurs as part of a get operation, the Reading's value should be set to the String "overflow" and its valueType to String.

Assertions and Mappings

Assertions are another attribute in a device resource's PropertyValue, which specify a string which the reading value is compared against. If the comparison fails, then the http request returns a string of the form "Assertion failed for device resource: \, with value: \", this also has a side-effect of setting the device operatingstate to DISABLED. A 500 status code is also returned. Note that the error response and status code should be returned regardless of the ds-returnevent setting.

Assertions are also checked where an event is being generated due to an AutoEvent, or asynchronous readings are pushed. In these cases if the assertion is triggered, an error should be logged and the operating state should be set as above.

Assertions are not checked for settings, only for readings.

Mappings may be defined in a deviceCommand. These allow Readings of string type to be remapped. Mappings are applied after assertions are checked, and are the final transformation before Readings are created. Mappings are also applied, but in reverse, to settings (PUT request data).

lastConnected timestamp

Each Device has as part of its metadata a timestamp named lastConnected, this indicates the most recent occasion when the device was successfully interacted with. The device service should update this timestamp every time a GET or PUT operation succeeds, unless it has been configured not to do so (eg for performance reasons).


Endpoint Methods
discovery POST

A call to this endpoint triggers the device discovery process, if enabled. See Discovery Design for details.


Changes from v1.x API

  • The callback endpoint is split according to the type of object being updated
  • Callbacks for new and updated objects take the object in the request body
  • The device/all form is removed
  • GET requests take parameters controlling what is to be done with resulting Events, and the default behavior does not send the Event to core-data


OpenAPI definition of v2 API :

Device Service Functional Requirements (Geneva) :