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eKuiper Rules Engine



LF Edge eKuiper is the EdgeX reference implementation rules engine (or edge analytics) implementation.

What is LF Edge eKuiper?

LF Edge eKuiper is a lightweight open source software (Apache 2.0 open source license agreement) package for IoT edge analytics and stream processing implemented in Go lang, which can run on various resource constrained edge devices. Users can realize fast data processing on the edge and write rules in SQL. The eKuiper rules engine is based on three components Source, SQL and Sink.

  • Source: Source of stream data, such as data from an MQTT server. For EdgeX, the data source is an EdgeX message bus, which can be implemented by Redis Pub/Sub, MQTT or NATS;
  • SQL: SQL is where the specified business logic is processed. eKuiper provides SQL statements to extract, filter, and transform data;
  • Sink: Used to send the analysis result to a specific target, such as sending the analysis results to EdgeX's Command service, or an MQTT broker in the cloud;

The relationship among Source, SQL and Sink in eKuiper is shown below.

eKuiper runs very efficiently on resource constrained edge devices. For common IoT data processing, the throughput can reach 12k per second. Readers can refer to here to get more performance benchmark data for eKuiper.

eKuiper rules engine of EdgeX

An extension mechanism allows eKuiper to be customized to analyze and process data from different data sources. By default for the EdgeX configuration, eKuiper analyzes data coming from the EdgeX message bus. EdgeX provides an abstract message bus interface, and implements the Redis Pub/Sub, MQTT and NATS protocols respectively to support information exchange between different micro-services. The integration of eKuiper and EdgeX mainly includes the following:

  • Extend an EdgeX message bus source to support receiving data from the EdgeX message bus. By default, eKuiper listens to the port 5566 on which the Application Service publishes messages. After the data from the Core Data Service is processed by the Application Service, it will flow into the eKuiper rules engine for processing.
  • Read the data type definition from Core Contract Service, convert EdgeX data to eKuiper data type, and process it according to the rules specified by the user.
  • eKuiper supports sending analysis results to different Sink:
  • The users can choose to send the analysis results to Command Service to control the equipment;
  • The analysis results can be sent to the EdgeX message bus sink for further processing by other micro-services.

Learn more


The eKuiper tutorials and documentation are available in both English and Chinese.

For more information on the LF Edge eKuiper project, please refer to the following resources.